Types of Empirically Based Therapy at STLCFD
Dialectical Behavior Therapy is considered one of the most effective therapies for individuals who experience multiple life problems, experience suicidal thoughts and/or actions, engage in behaviors that harm one’s body, and have problems managing emotions. DBT combines individual sessions and group skills training that focus on increasing one’s ability to handle stressful situations, regulate emotions, and address problems in relationships. MORE INFORMATION
Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy is a therapy approach for children and adolescents who are experiencing significant emotional and behavioral difficulties due to traumatic life events. Both child and parent participate in the therapy. It is a component-based therapy that uses trauma-sensitive interventions with cognitive behavioral, family, and humanistic principles and techniques. Clients process, manage and resolve distressing thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to traumatic life events. At the same time they enhance safety, growth, and communication.
Prolonged Exposure Therapy is a therapy for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and trauma. It is specifically designed to help clients process traumatic events and reduce trauma-induced disturbances. The core components of exposure programs for the disorder are 1) imaginal exposure – revisiting the traumatic memory, repeated recounting it aloud, and processing the revisiting experience; and 2) in vivo exposure – the repeated confrontation with situations and objects that cause distress but are not inherently dangerous. The goal of this therapy is to promote processing of the trauma memory and to reduce distress and avoidance evoked by the trauma reminders.
Behavioral Activation is based on the idea that symptoms of depression are a result of the body’s way of coping with distress or negative life events, which often trigger specific negative experiences, and can then bring about even more negative experiences. This downward spiral causes people to shut down, withdraw from life, and give up the very things that once brought happiness. This interaction between negative life experiences and withdrawal from meaningful experiences causes people to become stuck. Behavioral Activation works by increasing an individual’s experiences of positive events. Particularly, the therapy aims to modify and reduce specific behaviors that cause or worsening or maintenance of depressive symptoms.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy incorporates the inter-relatedness of thoughts, emotions and behaviors as they relate to the process of emotion regulation. It helps to modify the way a person experiences emotions and specifically aims to change problematic thoughts and behaviors that keep negative symptoms around. This therapy is typically short-term, lasting 12-20 sessions.
Interpersonal Psychotherapy aims to effectively decrease distress associated with an acute crisis or inadequate social support. Through the process of focusing on the interpersonal relationships of an individual, improving communication patterns, and understanding how people relate to others, the individual often experiences symptoms of relief, resolution of the acute interpersonal crisis, and an increase in social support.
Emotion Focused Therapy is a short-term (8-20 sessions) structured therapy approach to working with individuals, couples and families. Emotion Focused Therapy is based on the idea that emotions themselves have an innately adaptive potential that, if activated, can help clients change problematic emotional states or unwanted self-experiences. Emotions themselves do not inhibit the therapeutic process, but people’s incapability to manage emotions and use them well is seen as the problem. Clients undergoing EFT are helped to better identify, experience, explore, make sense of, transform and flexibly manage their emotional experiences.
Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction is a program developed by Jon Kabat-Zinn that uses the concept of mindfulness to help people cope better and be more at ease in their life. It helps people cope with stress and chronic illness. While MBSR has its roots in spiritual teachings, the program itself is secular. People engaged in MBSR practice various meditation techniques, including those focused on breathing and body awareness. It has been found it to be a useful method for improving mental health and reducing symptoms of stress, anxiety and depression and recommended it as means of improving the quality of life for patients managing disease.
Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy combines cognitive therapy with meditative practice to help people become aware of their though processes, especially those present in mood disorders. It is a form of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction that has been specifically developed to treat depression. People who are depressed have certain thought patterns that can worsen or perpetuate their depression. MBCT develops skills to recognize and change those thought patterns and is especially effective for people with recurrent depression.